Gothic Art

To define Gothic art is a complex undertaking, so diverse is the geographical and chronological reality that it covers, from the mid 12th c. to the Renaissance. It was precisely at the Renaissance that the term appeared, to express the disdain felt in those times for forms considered as barbarous as the Goths to whom …

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Conceptual art of the 1960s and 70s

A 1960s innovation prioritizing idea over execution. At its extreme, a conceptual art work may consist only of a brief written description or set of instructions for fabrication. However, in practice, conceptual art intermingled freely with other 1960s and 1970s tendencies, such as minimalism, earth art, and performance art, as well as politically oriented art. …

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Introduction to Pop Art

Art which is based on images of mass consumer culture. It is principally associated with the USA and Britain in the 1960s. The term originated in the discussions of the Independent Group c.1955. The originator of the phrase is disputed, but the British critic Lawrence Alloway later recalled ‘sometime between the winter of 1954–5 and …

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The Pre-Raphaelite Movement

It is difficult to understand today, but the paintings of the PRB were seen as shocking in their day, and critics were harsh in their condemnation, in particular, the writer Charles Dickens. John Ruskin became the champion of the Pre-Raphaelites, writing a series of famous letters to The Times in support of their paintings, and …

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Aesthetic Movement

Movement of the 1870s and 1880s that manifested itself in the fine and decorative arts and architecture in Britain and subsequently in the USA; it had no discernible influence on continental Europe. Reacting to what was seen as evidence of philistinism in art and design, it was characterized by the cult of the beautiful and an emphasis on the sheer pleasure to be derived from it.

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What Is Constructivism

The Constructivist Art Movement (1917 – 1921) is very much a Russian movement which started in the Soviet Union with the Russian avant-garde. It was not strictly an art movement, rather a trend in the arts that was closely linked to industry and manufacturing, architecture and the applied arts.

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Dadaism Art – The Dada Movement

The Dadaism art movement is very much tied into the outbreak of the First World War. Like every other modern art movement, the Dadaists were reacting against some element of the establishment. In this case, it was in part at least a reaction against the nationalist and colonial attitudes that they believed were the causes of the Great War.

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The Futurism Art Movement

The Futurism art movement was a totally Italian modern art movement. Unlike other modern art movements that sprang from developing or reacting against other artistic styles developments in art, Futurism seemed to spring from an idea, and the style of how to translate the ideas into the visual arts came afterwards.

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The Post Impressionism Art Movement

Post Impressionism (1880s onwards) As the name implies, the Post Impressionism art movement followed on from Impressionism. As well as being a logical extension of that earlier movement, it was in many ways a rejection of Impressionism’s impersonality and strict concern with the effects of light and colour. The Post Impressionism art movement was more …

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The Pointilism Modern Art Movement

Pointilism follows on very directly from impressionism and builds on the impressionist idea of painting in such a way as to recreate the same effect on the viewer as if they had just caught a glimpse of the subject. Pointilism develops the use of Impressionism’s broken brush-marks and takes this technique a step further by …

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The Fauvist Movement

The term ‘Fauve’ means ‘wild beasts’, and refers to how wild and violent these paintings must have seemed when first seen at the end of the nineteenth century. Fauvism in art meant paintings that used intense pure colors in a totally non-naturalistic way.

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